Modelling EHR timeseries by restricting feature interaction

11/14/2019
by   Kun Zhang, et al.
21

Time series data are prevalent in electronic health records, mostly in the form of physiological parameters such as vital signs and lab tests. The patterns of these values may be significant indicators of patients' clinical states and there might be patterns that are unknown to clinicians but are highly predictive of some outcomes. Many of these values are also missing which makes it difficult to apply existing methods like decision trees. We propose a recurrent neural network model that reduces overfitting to noisy observations by limiting interactions between features. We analyze its performance on mortality, ICD-9 and AKI prediction from observational values on the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) dataset. Our models result in an improvement of 1.1 MetaVision subset and 1.0 under the full MIMIC-III dataset compared to existing state-of-the-art interpolation, embedding and decay-based recurrent models.

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