Modeling Nonstationary Time Series using Locally Stationary Basis Processes

06/07/2021
by   Shreyan Ganguly, et al.
0

Methods of estimation and forecasting for stationary models are well known in classical time series analysis. However, stationarity is an idealization which, in practice, can at best hold as an approximation, but for many time series may be an unrealistic assumption. We define a class of locally stationary processes which can lead to more accurate uncertainty quantification over making an invalid assumption of stationarity. This class of processes assumes the model parameters to be time-varying and parameterizes them in terms of a transformation of basis functions that ensures that the processes are locally stationary. We develop methods and theory for parameter estimation in this class of models, and propose a test that allow us to examine certain departures from stationarity. We assess our methods using simulation studies and apply these techniques to the analysis of an electroencephalogram time series.

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