Model reduction for transport-dominated problems via online adaptive bases and adaptive sampling

by   Benjamin Peherstorfer, et al.

This work presents a model reduction approach for problems with coherent structures that propagate over time such as convection-dominated flows and wave-type phenomena. Traditional model reduction methods have difficulties with these transport-dominated problems because propagating coherent structures typically introduce high-dimensional features that require high-dimensional approximation spaces. The approach proposed in this work exploits the locality in space and time of propagating coherent structures to derive efficient reduced models. First, full-model solutions are approximated locally in time via local reduced spaces that are adapted with basis updates during time stepping. The basis updates are derived from querying the full model at a few selected spatial coordinates. Second, the locality in space of the coherent structures is exploited via an adaptive sampling scheme that selects at which components to query the full model for computing the basis updates. Our analysis shows that, in probability, the more local the coherent structure is in space, the fewer full-model samples are required to adapt the reduced basis with the proposed adaptive sampling scheme. Numerical results on benchmark examples with interacting wave-type structures and time-varying transport speeds and on a model combustor of a single-element rocket engine demonstrate the wide applicability of our approach and the significant runtime speedups compared to full models and traditional reduced models.


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