MoCoNet: Motion Correction in 3D MPRAGE images using a Convolutional Neural Network approach

07/29/2018
by   Kamlesh Pawar, et al.
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Purpose: The suppression of motion artefacts from MR images is a challenging task. The purpose of this paper is to develop a standalone novel technique to suppress motion artefacts from MR images using a data-driven deep learning approach. Methods: A deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) was developed to remove motion artefacts in brain MR images. A CNN was trained on simulated motion corrupted images to identify and suppress artefacts due to the motion. The network was an encoder-decoder CNN architecture where the encoder decomposed the motion corrupted images into a set of feature maps. The feature maps were then combined by the decoder network to generate a motion-corrected image. The network was tested on an unseen simulated dataset and an experimental, motion corrupted in vivo brain dataset. Results: The trained network was able to suppress the motion artefacts in the simulated motion corrupted images, and the mean percentage error in the motion corrected images was 2.69 effectively suppress the motion artefacts from the experimental dataset, demonstrating the generalisation capability of the trained network. Conclusion: A novel and generic motion correction technique has been developed that can suppress motion artefacts from motion corrupted MR images. The proposed technique is a standalone post-processing method that does not interfere with data acquisition or reconstruction parameters, thus making it suitable for a multitude of MR sequences.

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