Mixed reality hologram slicer (mxdR-HS): a marker-less tangible user interface for interactive holographic volume visualization

01/26/2022
by   Hoijoon Jung, et al.
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Mixed reality head-mounted displays (mxdR-HMD) have the potential to visualize volumetric medical imaging data in holograms to provide a true sense of volumetric depth. An effective user interface, however, has yet to be thoroughly studied. Tangible user interfaces (TUIs) enable a tactile interaction with a hologram through an object. The object has physical properties indicating how it might be used with multiple degrees-of-freedom. We propose a TUI using a planar object (PO) for the holographic medical volume visualization and exploration. We refer to it as mxdR hologram slicer (mxdR-HS). Users can slice the hologram to examine particular regions of interest (ROIs) and intermix complementary data and annotations. The mxdR-HS introduces a novel real-time ad-hoc marker-less PO tracking method that works with any PO where corners are visible. The aim of mxdR-HS is to maintain minimum computational latency while preserving practical tracking accuracy to enable seamless TUI integration in the commercial mxdR-HMD, which has limited computational resources. We implemented the mxdR-HS on a commercial Microsoft HoloLens with a built-in depth camera. Our experimental results showed our mxdR-HS had a superior computational latency but marginally lower tracking accuracy than two marker-based tracking methods and resulted in enhanced computational latency and tracking accuracy than 10 marker-less tracking methods. Our mxdR-HS, in a medical environment, can be suggested as a visual guide to display complex volumetric medical imaging data.

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