Minimisation of Event Structures

by   Paolo Baldan, et al.

Event structures are fundamental models in concurrency theory, providing a representation of events in computation and of their relations, notably concurrency, conflict and causality. In this paper we present a theory of minimisation for event structures. Working in a class of event structures that generalises many stable event structure models in the literature (e.g., prime, asymmetric, flow and bundle event structures), we study a notion of behaviour-preserving quotient, referred to as a folding, taking (hereditary) history preserving bisimilarity as a reference behavioural equivalence. We show that for any event structure a folding producing a uniquely determined minimal quotient always exists. We observe that each event structure can be seen as the folding of a prime event structure, and that all foldings between general event structures arise from foldings of (suitably defined) corresponding prime event structures. This gives a special relevance to foldings in the class of prime event structures, which are studied in detail. We identify folding conditions for prime and asymmetric event structures, and show that also prime event structures always admit a unique minimal quotient (while this is not the case for various other event structure models).



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