Micro CT Image-Assisted Cross Modality Super-Resolution of Clinical CT Images Utilizing Synthesized Training Dataset

by   Tong Zheng, et al.

This paper proposes a novel, unsupervised super-resolution (SR) approach for performing the SR of a clinical CT into the resolution level of a micro CT (μCT). The precise non-invasive diagnosis of lung cancer typically utilizes clinical CT data. Due to the resolution limitations of clinical CT (about 0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 mm^3), it is difficult to obtain enough pathological information such as the invasion area at alveoli level. On the other hand, μCT scanning allows the acquisition of volumes of lung specimens with much higher resolution (50 × 50 × 50 μ m^3 or higher). Thus, super-resolution of clinical CT volume may be helpful for diagnosis of lung cancer. Typical SR methods require aligned pairs of low-resolution (LR) and high-resolution (HR) images for training. Unfortunately, obtaining paired clinical CT and μCT volumes of human lung tissues is infeasible. Unsupervised SR methods are required that do not need paired LR and HR images. In this paper, we create corresponding clinical CT-μCT pairs by simulating clinical CT images from μCT images by modified CycleGAN. After this, we use simulated clinical CT-μCT image pairs to train an SR network based on SRGAN. Finally, we use the trained SR network to perform SR of the clinical CT images. We compare our proposed method with another unsupervised SR method for clinical CT images named SR-CycleGAN. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can successfully perform SR of clinical CT images of lung cancer patients with μCT level resolution, and quantitatively and qualitatively outperformed conventional method (SR-CycleGAN), improving the SSIM (structure similarity) form 0.40 to 0.51.



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