MG-GCN: Fast and Effective Learning with Mix-grained Aggregators for Training Large Graph Convolutional Networks

11/17/2020 ∙ by Tao Huang, et al. ∙ 0

Graph convolutional networks (GCNs) have been employed as a kind of significant tool on many graph-based applications recently. Inspired by convolutional neural networks (CNNs), GCNs generate the embeddings of nodes by aggregating the information of their neighbors layer by layer. However, the high computational and memory cost of GCNs due to the recursive neighborhood expansion across GCN layers makes it infeasible for training on large graphs. To tackle this issue, several sampling methods during the process of information aggregation have been proposed to train GCNs in a mini-batch Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) manner. Nevertheless, these sampling strategies sometimes bring concerns about insufficient information collection, which may hinder the learning performance in terms of accuracy and convergence. To tackle the dilemma between accuracy and efficiency, we propose to use aggregators with different granularities to gather neighborhood information in different layers. Then, a degree-based sampling strategy, which avoids the exponential complexity, is constructed for sampling a fixed number of nodes. Combining the above two mechanisms, the proposed model, named Mix-grained GCN (MG-GCN) achieves state-of-the-art performance in terms of accuracy, training speed, convergence speed, and memory cost through a comprehensive set of experiments on four commonly used benchmark datasets and a new Ethereum dataset.

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