Meta-Generating Deep Attentive Metric for Few-shot Classification

12/03/2020 ∙ by Lei Zhang, et al. ∙ 0

Learning to generate a task-aware base learner proves a promising direction to deal with few-shot learning (FSL) problem. Existing methods mainly focus on generating an embedding model utilized with a fixed metric (eg, cosine distance) for nearest neighbour classification or directly generating a linear classier. However, due to the limited discriminative capacity of such a simple metric or classifier, these methods fail to generalize to challenging cases appropriately. To mitigate this problem, we present a novel deep metric meta-generation method that turns to an orthogonal direction, ie, learning to adaptively generate a specific metric for a new FSL task based on the task description (eg, a few labelled samples). In this study, we structure the metric using a three-layer deep attentive network that is flexible enough to produce a discriminative metric for each task. Moreover, different from existing methods that utilize an uni-modal weight distribution conditioned on labelled samples for network generation, the proposed meta-learner establishes a multi-modal weight distribution conditioned on cross-class sample pairs using a tailored variational autoencoder, which can separately capture the specific inter-class discrepancy statistics for each class and jointly embed the statistics for all classes into metric generation. By doing this, the generated metric can be appropriately adapted to a new FSL task with pleasing generalization performance. To demonstrate this, we test the proposed method on four benchmark FSL datasets and gain surprisingly obvious performance improvement over state-of-the-art competitors, especially in the challenging cases, eg, improve the accuracy from 26.14 on miniImageNet, while improve the accuracy from 45.2 1-shot task on FC100. Code is available:



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