# Memory Capacity of Neural Turing Machines with Matrix Representation

It is well known that recurrent neural networks (RNNs) faced limitations in learning long-term dependencies that have been addressed by memory structures in long short-term memory (LSTM) networks. Matrix neural networks feature matrix representation which inherently preserves the spatial structure of data and has the potential to provide better memory structures when compared to canonical neural networks that use vector representation. Neural Turing machines (NTMs) are novel RNNs that implement notion of programmable computers with neural network controllers to feature algorithms that have copying, sorting, and associative recall tasks. In this paper, we study the augmentation of memory capacity with a matrix representation of RNNs and NTMs (MatNTMs). We investigate if matrix representation has a better memory capacity than the vector representations in conventional neural networks. We use a probabilistic model of the memory capacity using Fisher information and investigate how the memory capacity for matrix representation networks are limited under various constraints, and in general, without any constraints. In the case of memory capacity without any constraints, we found that the upper bound on memory capacity to be N^2 for an N× N state matrix. The results from our experiments using synthetic algorithmic tasks show that MatNTMs have a better learning capacity when compared to its counterparts.

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