Measuring Network Robustness by Average Network Flow

12/01/2020 ∙ by Weisheng Si, et al. ∙ 0

Infrastructure networks such as the Internet backbone and power grids are essential for our everyday lives. With the prevalence of cyber-attacks on them, measuring the robustness of infrastructure networks has become an important issue. To date, many robustness metrics have been proposed for this purpose. It is desirable for a robustness metric to possess the following three properties: considering global network topologies, strictly increasing upon link additions, and having a quadratic complexity in terms of the number of nodes on sparse networks. Currently, most of the metrics satisfying these three properties are based on graph spectra. This paper proposes a robustness metric called Average Network Flow (ANF), which satisfies these three properties, but is not based on graph spectra. Also, an efficient algorithm based on Gomory-Hu tree for calculating ANF is presented. Finally, this paper compares ANF with eight representative existing metrics, showing that each metric has its own characteristics in measuring network robustness and hence they are not equivalent. Moreover, by focusing our comparisons on the scenarios in which network topologies change while preserving the same numbers of nodes and links, some specific observations on robustness metrics are reported.

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