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Measuring breathing induced oesophageal motion and its dosimetric impact

by   Tobias Fechter, et al.

Stereotactic body radiation therapy allows for a precise and accurate dose delivery. Organ motion during treatment bares the risk of undetected high dose healthy tissue exposure. An organ very susceptible to high dose is the oesophagus. Its low contrast on CT and the oblong shape renders motion estimation difficult. We tackle this issue by modern algorithms to measure the oesophageal motion voxel-wise and to estimate motion related dosimetric impact. Oesophageal motion was measured using deformable image registration and 4DCT of 11 internal and 5 public datasets. Current clinical practice of contouring the organ on 3DCT was compared to timely resolved 4DCT contours. The dosimetric impact of the motion was estimated by analysing the trajectory of each voxel in the 4D dose distribution. Finally an organ motion model was built, allowing for easier patient-wise comparisons. Motion analysis showed mean absolute maximal motion amplitudes of 4.24 +/- 2.71 mm left-right, 4.81 +/- 2.58 mm anterior-posterior and 10.21 +/- 5.13 mm superior-inferior. Motion between the cohorts differed significantly. In around 50 passing criteria was violated. Contours created on 3DCT did not cover 14 the organ for 50 smaller than the union of all 4D contours. The motion model revealed that the maximal motion is not limited to the lower part of the organ. Our results showed motion amplitudes higher than most reported values in the literature and that motion is very heterogeneous across patients. Therefore, individual motion information should be considered in contouring and planning.


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