Mass-conservative and positivity preserving second-order semi-implicit methods for high-order parabolic equations

10/22/2020 ∙ by Sana Keita, et al. ∙ 0

We consider a class of finite element approximations for fourth-order parabolic equations that can be written as a system of second-order equations by introducing an auxiliary variable. In our approach, we first solve a variational problem and then an optimization problem to satisfy the desired physical properties of the solution such as conservation of mass, positivity (non-negativity) of solution and dissipation of energy. Furthermore, we show existence and uniqueness of the solution to the optimization problem and we prove that the methods converge to the truncation schemes <cit.>. We also propose new conservative truncation methods for high-order parabolic equations. A numerical convergence study is performed and a series of numerical tests are presented to show and compare the efficiency and robustness of the different schemes.

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