Market-Based Model in CR-WSN: A Q-Probabilistic Multi-agent Learning Approach

02/26/2019 ∙ by Dan Wang, et al. ∙ 0

The ever-increasingly urban populations and their material demands have brought unprecedented burdens to cities. Smart cities leverage emerging technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT), Cognitive Radio Wireless Sensor Network (CR-WSN) to provide better QoE and QoS for all citizens. However, resource scarcity is an important challenge in CR-WSN. Generally, this problem is handled by auction theory or game theory. To make CR-WSN nodes intelligent and more autonomous in resource allocation, we propose a multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL) algorithm to learn the optimal resource allocation strategy in the oligopoly market model. Firstly, we model a multi-agent scenario, in which the primary users (PUs) is the sellers and the secondary users (SUs) is the buyers. Then, we propose the Q-probabilistic multiagent learning (QPML) and apply it to allocate resources in the market. In the multi-agent interactive learning process, the PUs and SUs learn strategies to maximize their benefits and improve spectrum utilization. Experimental results show the efficiency of our QPML approach, which can also converge quickly.



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