Machine-learning based noise characterization and correction on neutral atoms NISQ devices

by   Ettore Canonici, et al.

Neutral atoms devices represent a promising technology that uses optical tweezers to geometrically arrange atoms and modulated laser pulses to control the quantum states. A neutral atoms Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) device is developed by Pasqal with rubidium atoms that will allow to work with up to 100 qubits. All NISQ devices are affected by noise that have an impact on the computations results. Therefore it is important to better understand and characterize the noise sources and possibly to correct them. Here, two approaches are proposed to characterize and correct noise parameters on neutral atoms NISQ devices. In particular the focus is on Pasqal devices and Machine Learning (ML) techniques are adopted to pursue those objectives. To characterize the noise parameters, several ML models are trained, using as input only the measurements of the final quantum state of the atoms, to predict laser intensity fluctuation and waist, temperature and false positive and negative measurement rate. Moreover, an analysis is provided with the scaling on the number of atoms in the system and on the number of measurements used as input. Also, we compare on real data the values predicted with ML with the a priori estimated parameters. Finally, a Reinforcement Learning (RL) framework is employed to design a pulse in order to correct the effect of the noise in the measurements. It is expected that the analysis performed in this work will be useful for a better understanding of the quantum dynamic in neutral atoms devices and for the widespread adoption of this class of NISQ devices.


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