Lidar for Autonomous Driving: The principles, challenges, and trends for automotive lidar and perception systems

04/17/2020 ∙ by You Li, et al. ∙ 0

Autonomous vehicles rely on their perception systems to acquire information about their immediate surroundings. It is necessary to detect the presence of other vehicles, pedestrians and other relevant entities. Safety concerns and the need for accurate estimations have led to the introduction of Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) systems in complement to the camera or radar-based perception systems. This article presents a review of state-of-the-art automotive LiDAR technologies and the perception algorithms used with those technologies. LiDAR systems are introduced first by analyzing the main components, from laser transmitter to its beam scanning mechanism. Advantages/disadvantages and the current status of various solutions are introduced and compared. Then, the specific perception pipeline for LiDAR data processing, from an autonomous vehicle perspective is detailed. The model-driven approaches and the emerging deep learning solutions are reviewed. Finally, we provide an overview of the limitations, challenges and trends for automotive LiDARs and perception systems.

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