Lexical and syntactic gemination in Italian consonants – Does a geminate Italian consonant consist of a repeated or a strengthened consonant?

by   Maria-Gabriella Di Benedetto, et al.

Two types of consonant gemination characterize Italian: lexical and syntactic. Italian lexical gemination is contrastive, so that two words may differ by only one geminated consonant. In contrast, syntactic gemination occurs across word boundaries, and affects the initial consonant of a word in specific contexts, such as the presence of a monosyllabic morpheme before the word. This study investigates the acoustic correlates of Italian lexical and syntactic gemination, asking if the correlates for the two types are similar in the case of stop consonants. Results confirmed previous studies showing that duration is a prominent gemination cue, with a lengthened consonant closure and a shortened pre-consonant vowel for both types. Results also revealed the presence, in about 10-12 providing strong support for the biphonematic nature of Italian geminated stop consonants. Moreover, the timing of these bursts suggests a different planning process for lexical vs. syntactic geminates. The second burst, when present, is accommodated within the closure interval in syntactic geminates, while lexical geminates are lengthened by the extra burst. This suggests that syntactic gemination occurs during a post-lexical phase of production planning, after timing has already been established.



There are no comments yet.



Word Sense Disambiguation Based on Mutual Information and Syntactic Patterns

This paper describes a hybrid system for WSD, presented to the English a...

Lexical representation explains cortical entrainment during speech comprehension

Results from a recent neuroimaging study on spoken sentence comprehensio...

Consonant gemination in Italian: the affricate and fricative case

Consonant gemination in Italian affricates and fricatives was investigat...

A Neural Model of Adaptation in Reading

It has been argued that humans rapidly adapt their lexical and syntactic...

Unsupervised Distillation of Syntactic Information from Contextualized Word Representations

Contextualized word representations, such as ELMo and BERT, were shown t...

Phonological (un)certainty weights lexical activation

Spoken word recognition involves at least two basic computations. First ...

Consonant gemination in Italian: the nasal and liquid case

All Italian consonants affected by gemination, that is affricates, frica...
This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.