Learning to Pan-sharpening with Memories of Spatial Details

by   Maoxun Yuan, et al.

Pan-sharpening, as one of the most commonly used techniques in remote sensing systems, aims to inject spatial details from panchromatic images into multispectral images (MS) to obtain high-resolution multispectral images. Since deep learning has received widespread attention because of its powerful fitting ability and efficient feature extraction, a variety of pan-sharpening methods have been proposed to achieve remarkable performance. However, current pan-sharpening methods usually require the paired panchromatic (PAN) and MS images as input, which limits their usage in some scenarios. To address this issue, in this paper we observe that the spatial details from PAN images are mainly high-frequency cues, i.e., the edges reflect the contour of input PAN images. This motivates us to develop a PAN-agnostic representation to store some base edges, so as to compose the contour for the corresponding PAN image via them. As a result, we can perform the pan-sharpening task with only the MS image when inference. To this end, a memory-based network is adapted to extract and memorize the spatial details during the training phase and is used to replace the process of obtaining spatial information from PAN images when inference, which is called Memory-based Spatial Details Network (MSDN). Finally, we integrate the proposed MSDN module into the existing deep learning-based pan-sharpening methods to achieve an end-to-end pan-sharpening network. With extensive experiments on the Gaofen1 and WorldView-4 satellites, we verify that our method constructs good spatial details without PAN images and achieves the best performance. The code is available at https://github.com/Zhao-Tian-yi/Learning-to-Pan-sharpening-with-Memories-of-Spatial-Details.git.


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