Learning Time Reduction Using Warm Start Methods for a Reinforcement Learning Based Supervisory Control in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications

by   Bin Xu, et al.

Reinforcement Learning (RL) is widely utilized in the field of robotics, and as such, it is gradually being implemented in the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) supervisory control. Even though RL exhibits excellent performance in terms of fuel consumption minimization in simulation, the large learning iteration number needs a long learning time, making it hardly applicable in real-world vehicles. In addition, the fuel consumption of initial learning phases is much worse than baseline controls. This study aims to reduce the learning iterations of Q-learning in HEV application and improve fuel consumption in initial learning phases utilizing warm start methods. Different from previous studies, which initiated Q-learning with zero or random Q values, this study initiates the Q-learning with different supervisory controls (i.e., Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy control and heuristic control), and detailed analysis is given. The results show that the proposed warm start Q-learning requires 68.8 Q-learning is validated in two different driving cycles, and the results show 10-16 Strategy control. Furthermore, real-time feasibility is analyzed, and the guidance of vehicle implementation is provided. The results of this study can be used to facilitate the deployment of RL in vehicle supervisory control applications.


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