Learning Hidden States in a Chaotic System: A Physics-Informed Echo State Network Approach

by   Nguyen Anh Khoa Doan, et al.

We extend the Physics-Informed Echo State Network (PI-ESN) framework to reconstruct the evolution of an unmeasured state (hidden state) in a chaotic system. The PI-ESN is trained by using (i) data, which contains no information on the unmeasured state, and (ii) the physical equations of a prototypical chaotic dynamical system. Non-noisy and noisy datasets are considered. First, it is shown that the PI-ESN can accurately reconstruct the unmeasured state. Second, the reconstruction is shown to be robust with respect to noisy data, which means that the PI-ESN acts as a denoiser. This paper opens up new possibilities for leveraging the synergy between physical knowledge and machine learning to enhance the reconstruction and prediction of unmeasured states in chaotic dynamical systems.



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