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Learning from a Handful Volumes: MRI Resolution Enhancement with Volumetric Super-Resolution Forests

by   Aline Sindel, et al.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables 3-D imaging of anatomical structures. However, the acquisition of MR volumes with high spatial resolution leads to long scan times. To this end, we propose volumetric super-resolution forests (VSRF) to enhance MRI resolution retrospectively. Our method learns a locally linear mapping between low-resolution and high-resolution volumetric image patches by employing random forest regression. We customize features suitable for volumetric MRI to train the random forest and propose a median tree ensemble for robust regression. VSRF outperforms state-of-the-art example-based super-resolution in term of image quality and efficiency for model training and inference in different MRI datasets. It is also superior to unsupervised methods with just a handful or even a single volume to assemble training data.


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Volumetric Super-Resolution Forests for MRI Super-Resolution

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