Learning Deep Context-Sensitive Decomposition for Low-Light Image Enhancement

by   Long Ma, et al.

Enhancing the quality of low-light images plays a very important role in many image processing and multimedia applications. In recent years, a variety of deep learning techniques have been developed to address this challenging task. A typical framework is to simultaneously estimate the illumination and reflectance, but they disregard the scene-level contextual information encapsulated in feature spaces, causing many unfavorable outcomes, e.g., details loss, color unsaturation, artifacts, and so on. To address these issues, we develop a new context-sensitive decomposition network architecture to exploit the scene-level contextual dependencies on spatial scales. More concretely, we build a two-stream estimation mechanism including reflectance and illumination estimation network. We design a novel context-sensitive decomposition connection to bridge the two-stream mechanism by incorporating the physical principle. The spatially-varying illumination guidance is further constructed for achieving the edge-aware smoothness property of the illumination component. According to different training patterns, we construct CSDNet (paired supervision) and CSDGAN (unpaired supervision) to fully evaluate our designed architecture. We test our method on seven testing benchmarks to conduct plenty of analytical and evaluated experiments. Thanks to our designed context-sensitive decomposition connection, we successfully realized excellent enhanced results, which fully indicates our superiority against existing state-of-the-art approaches. Finally, considering the practical needs for high-efficiency, we develop a lightweight CSDNet (named LiteCSDNet) by reducing the number of channels. Further, by sharing an encoder for these two components, we obtain a more lightweight version (SLiteCSDNet for short). SLiteCSDNet just contains 0.0301M parameters but achieves the almost same performance as CSDNet.


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