Learned reconstructions for practical mask-based lensless imaging

08/30/2019 ∙ by Kristina Monakhova, et al. ∙ 3

Mask-based lensless imagers are smaller and lighter than traditional lensed cameras. In these imagers, the sensor does not directly record an image of the scene; rather, a computational algorithm reconstructs it. Typically, mask-based lensless imagers use a model-based reconstruction approach that suffers from long compute times and a heavy reliance on both system calibration and heuristically chosen denoisers. In this work, we address these limitations using a bounded-compute, trainable neural network to reconstruct the image. We leverage our knowledge of the physical system by unrolling a traditional model-based optimization algorithm, whose parameters we optimize using experimentally gathered ground-truth data. Optionally, images produced by the unrolled network are then fed into a jointly-trained denoiser. As compared to traditional methods, our architecture achieves better perceptual image quality and runs 20x faster, enabling interactive previewing of the scene. We explore a spectrum between model-based and deep learning methods, showing the benefits of using an intermediate approach. Finally, we test our network on images taken in the wild with a prototype mask-based camera, demonstrating that our network generalizes to natural images.



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