Key Superposition Simultaneously Achieves Security and Privacy in Cache-Aided Linear Function Retrieval

09/13/2020 ∙ by Qifa Yan, et al. ∙ 0

This work investigates the problem of cache-aided content Secure and demand Private Linear Function Retrieval (SP-LFR),where three constrains are imposed on the coded caching system: a) each user is interested in retrieving an arbitrary linear combination of the files in the server's library; b) the content of the library must be kept secure from a wiretapper who obtains the signal sent by the server; and c) any subset of users together can not obtain any information about the demands of the remaining users. A procedure is proposed to derive a SP-LFR scheme from a given Placement Delivery Array (PDA), known to give coded caching schemes with low subpacketization for systems with neither security nor privacy constraints. This procedure uses the superposition of security keys and privacy keys in both the cache placement and transmitted signal to guarantee content security and demand privacy, respectively. In particular, among all PDA-based SP-LFR schemes, the memory-load pairs achieved by the PDA describing the Maddah-Ali and Niesen's scheme are Pareto-optimal and have the lowest subpacketization. No such strong performance guarantees on PDA were known in the literature. Moreover, the achieved load-memory tradeoff is optimal to within a constant multiplicative gap except for the small memory regime when the number of file is smaller than the number of users. Remarkably, the memory-load tradeoff does not increase compared to the best known schemes that only guarantee content security in all regimes or only demand privacy in some regime.

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