Kernel-Distance-Based Covariate Balancing

01/10/2021
by   Xialing Wen, et al.
0

A common concern in observational studies focuses on properly evaluating the causal effect, which usually refers to the average treatment effect or the average treatment effect on the treated. In this paper, we propose a data preprocessing method, the Kernel-distance-based covariate balancing, for observational studies with binary treatments. This proposed method yields a set of unit weights for the treatment and control groups, respectively, such that the reweighted covariate distributions can satisfy a set of pre-specified balance conditions. This preprocessing methodology can effectively reduce confounding bias of subsequent estimation of causal effects. We demonstrate the implementation and performance of Kernel-distance-based covariate balancing with Monte Carlo simulation experiments and a real data analysis.

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