Joint CSI Estimation, Beamforming and Scheduling Design for Wideband Massive MIMO System

01/16/2018
by   Tadilo Endeshaw Bogale, et al.
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This paper proposes a novel approach for designing channel estimation, beamforming and scheduling jointly for wideband massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems. With the proposed approach, we first quantify the maximum number of user equipments (UEs) that can send pilots which may or may not be orthogonal. Specifically, when the channel has a maximum of L multipath taps, and we allocate M̃ sub-carriers for the channel state information (CSI) estimation, a maximum of M̃ UEs CSI can be estimated (L times compared to the conventional CSI estimation approach) in a massive MIMO regime. Then, we propose to schedule a subset of these UEs using greedy based scheduling to transmit their data on each sub-carrier with the proposed joint beamforming and scheduling design. We employ the well known maximum ratio combiner (MRC) beamforming approach in the uplink channel data transmission. All the analytical expressions are validated via numerical results, and the superiority of the proposed design over the conventional orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission approach is demonstrated using extensive numerical simulations in the long term evolution (LTE) channel environment. The proposed channel estimation and beamforming design is linear and simple to implement.

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