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IoTDots: A Digital Forensics Framework for Smart Environments

by   Leonardo Babun, et al.
Florida International University

IoT devices and sensors have been utilized in a cooperative manner to enable the concept of a smart environment. In these smart settings, abundant data is generated as a result of the interactions between devices and users' day-to-day activities. Such data contain valuable forensic information about events and actions occurring inside the smart environment and, if analyzed, may help hold those violating security policies accountable. In this paper, we introduce IoTDots, a novel digital forensic framework for a smart environment such as smart homes and smart offices. IoTDots has two main components: IoTDots-Modifier and IoTDots-Analyzer. At compile time, IoTDots-Modifier performs the source code analysis of smart apps, detects forensically-relevant information, and automatically insert tracing logs. Then, at runtime, the logs are stored into a IoTDots database. Later, in the event of a forensic investigation, the IoTDots-Analyzer applies data processing and machine learning techniques to extract valuable and usable forensic information from the devices' activity. In order to test the performance of IoTDots, we tested IoTDots in a realistic smart office environment with a total of 22 devices and sensors. The evaluation results show that IoTDots can achieve, on average, over 98 the behavior of users, devices, and apps in a smart environment. Finally, IoTDots performance yields no overhead to the smart devices and very minimal overhead to the cloud server.


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