Investigating Severity of Motorcycle-Involved Crashes in a Developing Country

09/19/2021 ∙ by Sina Asgharpour, et al. ∙ 0

Despite paying special attention to the motorcycle-involved crashes in the safety research, little is known about their pattern and impacts in developing countries. The widespread adoption of motorcycles in such regions in tandem with the vulnerability of motorcyclists exacerbates the likelihood of severe crashes. The main objective of this paper is to investigate the underlying factors contributing to the severity of motorcycle-involved crashes through employing crash data from March 2018 to March 2019 from Iran. Considering the ordinal nature of three injury classes of property-damage-only (PDO), injury, and fatal crashes in our data, an ordered logistic regression model is employed to address the problem. The data statistics suggest that motorcycle is responsible for 38 results indicate that significant factors contributing to more severe crashes include collision, road, temporal, and motorcycle rider characteristics. Among all attributes, our model is most sensitive to the motorcycle-pedestrian accident, which increases the probability of belonging a crash into injury and fatal crashes by 0.289 and 0.019, respectively. Moreover, we discovered a significant degree of correlation between young riders and riders without a license. Finally, upon the insights obtained from the results, we propose safety countermeasures, including 1) strict traffic rule enforcement upon riders and pedestrians, 2) educational programs, and 3) road-specific adjustment policies.

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