Interventional Domain Adaptation

11/07/2020 ∙ by Jun Wen, et al. ∙ 0

Domain adaptation (DA) aims to transfer discriminative features learned from source domain to target domain. Most of DA methods focus on enhancing feature transferability through domain-invariance learning. However, source-learned discriminability itself might be tailored to be biased and unsafely transferable by spurious correlations, i.e., part of source-specific features are correlated with category labels. We find that standard domain-invariance learning suffers from such correlations and incorrectly transfers the source-specifics. To address this issue, we intervene in the learning of feature discriminability using unlabeled target data to guide it to get rid of the domain-specific part and be safely transferable. Concretely, we generate counterfactual features that distinguish the domain-specifics from domain-sharable part through a novel feature intervention strategy. To prevent the residence of domain-specifics, the feature discriminability is trained to be invariant to the mutations in the domain-specifics of counterfactual features. Experimenting on typical one-to-one unsupervised domain adaptation and challenging domain-agnostic adaptation tasks, the consistent performance improvements of our method over state-of-the-art approaches validate that the learned discriminative features are more safely transferable and generalize well to novel domains.

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