Interoperable Framework to Enhance Citizen Services in the Kingdom of Bahrain

05/10/2020 ∙ by Mohammed Ghanem, et al. ∙ 0

Citizen records are scattered between different state organizations. It wastes time, effort, and resources for both citizen and organization to collect, maintain, and update records to fulfill citizen services. Interoperability is a key element that enables seamless collaboration between different entities. It requires non-conventional methods to overcome interoperability challenges such as lack of trust, centralization, and policy and technology differences. Blockchain is a disruptive technology with the potential to overcome these challenges. The technology designed to enable peer-to-peer transactions with elimination of intermediary in a trustless environment through the control of consensus mechanisms. This research aims to explore the status of interoperability in Bahrain, design an interoperable framework, and then test the validity of the framework by implementation of a prototype using blockchain technology. The research will be divided into four phases; I: Information collection, II: Design and modeling the framework, III: Implementation of a prototype, and Phase IV: Measuring the performance of the prototype. This research is in progress and it is expected, once is it complete, to enhance the e-government's plan in the Kingdom of Bahrain to provide better services to citizens and help in the transition from e-government to seamless government, which will lead to sustainable citizen services. On the other hand, the findings of the study is expected to improve the social, economical, and environmental sustainability by the increase in process optimization, reduction of cost and complexity.

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