Innovation Initiatives in Large Software Companies: A Systematic Mapping Study

by   Henry Edison, et al.

To keep the competitive advantage and adapt to changes in the market and technology, companies need to innovate in an organised, purposeful and systematic manner. However, due to their size and complexity, large companies tend to focus on maintaining their business, which can potentially lower their agility to innovate. This study aims to provide an overview of the current research on innovation initiatives and to identify the challenges of implementing the initiatives in the context of large software companies. The investigation was performed using a systematic mapping approach of published literature on corporate innovation and entrepreneurship. Then it was complemented with interviews with four experts with rich industry experience. Our study results suggest that, there is a lack of high quality empirical studies on innovation initiative in the context of large software companies. A total of 7 studies are conducted in such context, which reported 5 types of initiatives: intrapreneurship, bootlegging, internal venture, spin-off and crowdsourcing. Our study offers three contributions. First, this paper represents the map of existing literature on innovation initiatives inside large companies. The second contribution is to provide an innovation initiative tree. The third contribution is to identify key challenges faced by each initiative in large software companies. At the strategic and tactical levels, there is no difference between large software companies and other companies. At the operational level, large software companies are highly influenced by the advancement of Internet technology. Large software companies use open innovation paradigm as part of their innovation initiatives. We envision a future work is to further empirically evaluate the innovation initiative tree in large software companies, which involves more practitioners from different companies.


Employee-Driven Innovation to Fuel Internal Software Startups: Preliminary Findings

To keep up with the pace of innovation, established companies are increa...

A Survey on the Perception of Innovation in a Large Product-Focused Software Organization

Context. Innovation is promoted in companies to help them stay competiti...

Innovation and Revenue: Deep Diving into the Temporal Rank-shifts of Fortune 500 Companies

Research and innovation is important agenda for any company to remain co...

Risks and Assets: A Qualitative Study of a Software Ecosystem in the Mining Industry

Digitalization and servitization are impacting many domains, including t...

To Participate Or Not To Participate: An Investigation Of Strategic Participation In Standards

Essential functionality in the ICT (Information and Communication Techno...

From Monolithic Systems to Microservices: An Assessment Framework

Context. Re-architecting monolithic systems with Microservices-based arc...

Innovation in Large-scale agile – Benefits and Challenges of Hackathons when Hacking from Home

Hackathons are events in which diverse teams work together to explore, a...