Improving upon the effective sample size based on Godambe information for block likelihood inference

12/18/2021
by   Rahul Mukerjee, et al.
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We consider the effective sample size, based on Godambe information, for block likelihood inference which is an attractive and computationally feasible alternative to full likelihood inference for large correlated datasets. With reference to a Gaussian random field having a constant mean, we explore how the choice of blocks impacts this effective sample size. It is seen that spreading out the spatial points within each block, instead of keeping them close together, can lead to considerable gains while retaining computational simplicity. Analytical results in this direction are obtained under the AR(1) model. The insights so found facilitate the study of other models, including correlation models on a plane, where closed form expressions are intractable.

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