Improving Legal Information Retrieval by Distributional Composition with Term Order Probabilities

06/04/2017 ∙ by Danilo S. Carvalho, et al. ∙ 0

Legal professionals worldwide are currently trying to get up-to-pace with the explosive growth in legal document availability through digital means. This drives a need for high efficiency Legal Information Retrieval (IR) and Question Answering (QA) methods. The IR task in particular has a set of unique challenges that invite the use of semantic motivated NLP techniques. In this work, a two-stage method for Legal Information Retrieval is proposed, combining lexical statistics and distributional sentence representations in the context of Competition on Legal Information Extraction/Entailment (COLIEE). The combination is done with the use of disambiguation rules, applied over the rankings obtained through n-gram statistics. After the ranking is done, its results are evaluated for ambiguity, and disambiguation is done if a result is decided to be unreliable for a given query. Competition and experimental results indicate small gains in overall retrieval performance using the proposed approach. Additionally, an analysis of error and improvement cases is presented for a better understanding of the contributions.

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