Improving Coreference Resolution by Leveraging Entity-Centric Features with Graph Neural Networks and Second-order Inference

09/10/2020 ∙ by Lu Liu, et al. ∙ 0

One of the major challenges in coreference resolution is how to make use of entity-level features defined over clusters of mentions rather than mention pairs. However, coreferent mentions usually spread far apart in an entire text, which makes it extremely difficult to incorporate entity-level features. We propose a graph neural network-based coreference resolution method that can capture the entity-centric information by encouraging the sharing of features across all mentions that probably refer to the same real-world entity. Mentions are linked to each other via the edges modeling how likely two linked mentions point to the same entity. Modeling by such graphs, the features between mentions can be shared by message passing operations in an entity-centric manner. A global inference algorithm up to second-order features is also presented to optimally cluster mentions into consistent groups. Experimental results show our graph neural network-based method combing with the second-order decoding algorithm (named GNNCR) achieved close to state-of-the-art performance on the English CoNLL-2012 Shared Task dataset.

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