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Improving Biomarker Based HIV Incidence Estimation in the Treatment Era

by   Ian E Fellows, et al.

Estimating HIV-1 incidence using biomarker assays in cross-sectional surveys is important for understanding the HIV pandemic. However, the utility of these estimates has been limited by uncertainty about what input parameters to use for False Recency Rate (FRR) and Mean Duration of Recent Infection (MDRI) after applying recent infection testing algorithm (RITA). This article shows how testing and diagnosis in a population reduce both FRR and MDRI compared to a treatment-naive population. Using self-reported testing history, a new method is proposed for calculating appropriate context-specific estimates of FRR and MDRI. The result of this is a new formula for incidence that depends only on reference FRR and MDRI parameters derived in an undiagnosed, treatment-naive, non-elite controller, non-AIDS-progressed population.


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Code Repositories


Incidence Estimation Using Recency Assays

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