Improving Automatic Skin Lesion Segmentation using Adversarial Learning based Data Augmentation

07/23/2018 ∙ by Lei Bi, et al. ∙ 0

Segmentation of skin lesions is considered as an important step in computer aided diagnosis (CAD) for automated melanoma diagnosis. In recent years, segmentation methods based on fully convolutional networks (FCN) have achieved great success in general images. This success is primarily due to the leveraging of large labelled datasets to learn features that correspond to the shallow appearance as well as the deep semantics of the images. However, the dependence on large dataset does not translate well into medical images. To improve the FCN performance for skin lesion segmentations, researchers attempted to use specific cost functions or add post-processing algorithms to refine the coarse boundaries of the FCN results. However, the performance of these methods is heavily reliant on the tuning of many parameters and post-processing techniques. In this paper, we leverage the state-of-the-art image feature learning method of generative adversarial network (GAN) for its inherent ability to produce consistent and realistic image features by using deep neural networks and adversarial learning concept. We improve upon GAN such that skin lesion features can be learned at different level of complexities, in a controlled manner. The outputs from our method is then augmented to the existing FCN training data, thus increasing the overall feature diversity. We evaluated our method on the ISIC 2018 skin lesion segmentation challenge dataset and showed that it was more accurate and robust when compared to the existing skin lesion segmentation methods.



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