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Improved Noise and Attack Robustness for Semantic Segmentation by Using Multi-Task Training with Self-Supervised Depth Estimation

04/23/2020
by   Marvin Klingner, et al.
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While current approaches for neural network training often aim at improving performance, less focus is put on training methods aiming at robustness towards varying noise conditions or directed attacks by adversarial examples. In this paper, we propose to improve robustness by a multi-task training, which extends supervised semantic segmentation by a self-supervised monocular depth estimation on unlabeled videos. This additional task is only performed during training to improve the semantic segmentation model's robustness at test time under several input perturbations. Moreover, we even find that our joint training approach also improves the performance of the model on the original (supervised) semantic segmentation task. Our evaluation exhibits a particular novelty in that it allows to mutually compare the effect of input noises and adversarial attacks on the robustness of the semantic segmentation. We show the effectiveness of our method on the Cityscapes dataset, where our multi-task training approach consistently outperforms the single-task semantic segmentation baseline in terms of both robustness vs. noise and in terms of adversarial attacks, without the need for depth labels in training.

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