Image Reconstruction without Explicit Priors

by   Angela F. Gao, et al.

We consider solving ill-posed imaging inverse problems without access to an explicit image prior or ground-truth examples. An overarching challenge in inverse problems is that there are many undesired images that fit to the observed measurements, thus requiring image priors to constrain the space of possible solutions to more plausible reconstructions. However, in many applications it is difficult or potentially impossible to obtain ground-truth images to learn an image prior. Thus, inaccurate priors are often used, which inevitably result in biased solutions. Rather than solving an inverse problem using priors that encode the explicit structure of any one image, we propose to solve a set of inverse problems jointly by incorporating prior constraints on the collective structure of the underlying images.The key assumption of our work is that the ground-truth images we aim to reconstruct share common, low-dimensional structure. We show that such a set of inverse problems can be solved simultaneously by learning a shared image generator with a low-dimensional latent space. The parameters of the generator and latent embedding are learned by maximizing a proxy for the Evidence Lower Bound (ELBO). Once learned, the generator and latent embeddings can be combined to provide reconstructions for each inverse problem. The framework we propose can handle general forward model corruptions, and we show that measurements derived from only a few ground-truth images (O(10)) are sufficient for image reconstruction without explicit priors.


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