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Identification and estimation of nonignorable missing outcome mean without identifying the full data distribution

10/12/2021
by   Wei Li, et al.
0

We consider the problem of making inference about the population outcome mean of an outcome variable subject to nonignorable missingness. By leveraging a so-called shadow variable for the outcome, we propose a novel condition that ensures nonparametric identification of the outcome mean, although the full data distribution is not identified. The identifying condition requires the existence of a function as a solution to a representer equation that connects the shadow variable to the outcome mean. Under this condition, we use sieves to nonparametrically solve the representer equation and propose an estimator which avoids modeling the propensity score or the outcome regression. We establish the asymptotic properties of the proposed estimator. We also show that the estimator is locally efficient and attains the semiparametric efficiency bound for the shadow variable model under certain regularity conditions. We illustrate the proposed approach via simulations and a real data application on home pricing.

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