Identifiability of Gaussian Structural Equation Models with Dependent Errors Having Equal Variances

by   Jose M. Peña, et al.

In this paper, we prove that some Gaussian structural equation models with dependent errors having equal variances are identifiable from their corresponding Gaussian distributions. Specifically, we prove identifiability for the Gaussian structural equation models that can be represented as Andersson-Madigan-Perlman chain graphs (Andersson et al., 2001). These chain graphs were originally developed to represent independence models. However, they are also suitable for representing causal models with additive noise (Peña, 2016. Our result implies then that these causal models can be identified from observational data alone. Our result generalizes the result by Peters and Bühlmann (2014), who considered independent errors having equal variances. The suitability of the equal error variances assumption should be assessed on a per domain basis.


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