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Higher-Order SGFEM for One-Dimensional Interface Elliptic Problems with Discontinuous Solutions

04/15/2022
by   Champike Attanayake, et al.
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We study a class of enriched unfitted finite element or generalized finite element methods (GFEM) to solve a larger class of interface problems, that is, 1D elliptic interface problems with discontinuous solutions, including those having implicit or Robin-type interface jump conditions. The major challenge of GFEM development is to construct enrichment functions that capture the imposed discontinuity of the solution while keeping the condition number from fast growth. The linear stable generalized finite element method (SGFEM) was recently developed using one enrichment function. We generalized it to an arbitrary degree using two simple discontinuous one-sided enrichment functions. Optimal order convergence in the L^2 and broken H^1-norms are established. So is the optimal order convergence at all nodes. To prove the efficiency of the SGFEM, the enriched linear, quadratic, and cubic elements are applied to a multi-layer wall model for drug-eluting stents in which zero-flux jump conditions and implicit concentration interface conditions are both present.

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