High Performance Evaluation of Helmholtz Potentials using the Multi-Level Fast Multipole Algorithm

by   Michael P. Lingg, et al.

Evaluation of pair potentials is critical in a number of areas of physics. The classicalN-body problem has its root in evaluating the Laplace potential, and has spawned tree-algorithms, the fast multipole method (FMM), as well as kernel independent approaches. Over the years, FMM for Laplace potential has had a profound impact on a number of disciplines as it has been possible to develop highly scalable parallel algorithm for these potential evaluators. This is in stark contrast to parallel algorithms for the Helmholtz (oscillatory) potentials. The principal bottleneck to scalable parallelism are operations necessary to traverse up, across and down the tree, affecting both computation and communication. In this paper, we describe techniques to overcome bottlenecks and achieve high performance evaluation of the Helmholtz potential for a wide spectrum of geometries. We demonstrate that the resulting implementation has a load balancing effect that significantly reduces the time-to-solution and enhances the scale of problems that can be treated using full wave physics.




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