High-order accurate entropy stable nodal discontinuous Galerkin schemes for the ideal special relativistic magnetohydrodynamics

11/10/2019 ∙ by Junming Duan, et al. ∙ 0

This paper studies high-order accurate entropy stable nodal discontinuous Galerkin (DG) schemes for the ideal special relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (RMHD). It is built on the modified RMHD equations with a particular source term, which is analogous to the Powell's eight-wave formulation and can be symmetrized so that an entropy pair is obtained. We design an affordable fully consistent two-point entropy conservative flux, which is not only consistent with the physical flux, but also maintains the zero parallel magnetic component, and then construct high-order accurate semi-discrete entropy stable DG schemes based on the quadrature rules and the entropy conservative and stable fluxes. They satisfy the semidiscrete entropy inequality for the given entropy pair and are integrated in time by using the high-order explicit strong stability preserving Runge-Kutta schemes to get further the fully-discrete nodal DG schemes. Extensive numerical tests are conducted to validate the accuracy and the ability to capture discontinuities of our schemes. Moreover, our entropy conservative flux is compared to an existing flux through some numerical tests. The results show that the zero parallel magnetic component in the numerical flux can help to decrease the error in the parallel magnetic component in one-dimensional tests, but two entropy conservative fluxes give similar results since the error in the magnetic field divergence seems dominated in the two-dimensional tests.

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