High Dimensional Portfolio Selection with Cardinality Constraints

by   Jin-Hong Du, et al.

The expanding number of assets offers more opportunities for investors but poses new challenges for modern portfolio management (PM). As a central plank of PM, portfolio selection by expected utility maximization (EUM) faces uncontrollable estimation and optimization errors in ultrahigh-dimensional scenarios. Past strategies for high-dimensional PM mainly concern only large-cap companies and select many stocks, making PM impractical. We propose a sample-average approximation-based portfolio strategy to tackle the difficulties above with cardinality constraints. Our strategy bypasses the estimation of mean and covariance, the Chinese walls in high-dimensional scenarios. Empirical results on S P 500 and Russell 2000 show that an appropriate number of carefully chosen assets leads to better out-of-sample mean-variance efficiency. On Russell 2000, our best portfolio profits as much as the equally-weighted portfolio but reduces the maximum drawdown and the average number of assets by 10 stability of incorporating factor signals for augmenting out-of-sample performances are also demonstrated. Our strategy balances the trade-off among the return, the risk, and the number of assets with cardinality constraints. Therefore, we provide a theoretically sound and computationally efficient strategy to make PM practical in the growing global financial market.


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