Hemodynamics of the heart's left atrium based on a Variational Multiscale-LES numerical model

06/30/2021 ∙ by Alberto Zingaro, et al. ∙ 0

In this paper, we investigate the hemodynamics of a left atrium (LA) by proposing a computational model suitable to provide physically meaningful fluid dynamics indications and detailed blood flow characterization. In particular, we consider the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation to deal with the LA domain under prescribed motion. A Variational Multiscale (VMS) method is adopted to obtain a stable formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations discretized by means of the Finite Element method and to account for turbulence modeling based on Large Eddy Simulation (LES). The aim of this paper is twofold: on one hand to improve the general understanding of blood flow in the human LA in normal conditions; on the other, to analyse the effects of the turbulence VMS-LES method on a situation of blood flow which is neither laminar, nor fully turbulent, but rather transitional as in LA. Our results suggest that if relatively coarse meshes are adopted, the additional stabilization terms introduced by the VMS-LES method allow to better predict transitional effects and cycle-to-cycle blood flow variations than the standard SUPG stabilization method.

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