Hardness of Minimum Barrier Shrinkage and Minimum Activation Path

10/09/2019
by   Sergio Cabello, et al.
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In the Minimum Activation Path problem, we are given a graph G with edge weights w(.) and two vertices s,t of G. We want to assign a non-negative power p(v) to each vertex v of G so that the edges uv such that p(u)+p(v) is at least w(uv) contain some s-t-path, and minimize the sum of assigned powers. In the Minimum Barrier Shrinkage problem, we are given a family of disks in the plane and two points x and y lying outside the disks. The task is to shrink the disks, each one possibly by a different amount, so that we can draw an x-y curve that is disjoint from the interior of the shrunken disks, and the sum of the decreases in the radii is minimized. We show that the Minimum Activation Path and the Minimum Barrier Shrinkage problems (or, more precisely, the natural decision problems associated with them) are weakly NP-hard.

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