H_2-gap model reduction for stabilizable and detectable systems

by   Tobias Breiten, et al.

We formulate here an approach to model reduction that is well-suited for linear time-invariant control systems that are stabilizable and detectable but may otherwise be unstable. We introduce a modified H_2-error metric, the H_2-gap, that provides an effective measure of model fidelity in this setting. While the direct evaluation of the H_2-gap requires the solutions of a pair of algebraic Riccati equations associated with related closed-loop systems, we are able to work entirely within an interpolatory framework, developing algorithms and supporting analysis that do not reference full-order closed-loop Gramians. This leads to a computationally effective strategy yielding reduced models designed so that the corresponding reduced closed-loop systems will interpolate the full-order closed-loop system at specially adapted interpolation points, without requiring evaluation of the full-order closed-loop system nor even computation of the feedback law that determines it. The analytical framework and computational algorithm presented here provides an effective new approach toward constructing reduced-order models for unstable systems. Numerical examples for an unstable convection diffusion equation and a linearized incompressible Navier-Stokes equation illustrate the effectiveness of this approach.


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