Guaranteed Non-Orthogonal Tensor Decomposition via Alternating Rank-1 Updates

02/21/2014
by   Rong Ge, et al.
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In this paper, we provide local and global convergence guarantees for recovering CP (Candecomp/Parafac) tensor decomposition. The main step of the proposed algorithm is a simple alternating rank-1 update which is the alternating version of the tensor power iteration adapted for asymmetric tensors. Local convergence guarantees are established for third order tensors of rank k in d dimensions, when k=o ( d^1.5) and the tensor components are incoherent. Thus, we can recover overcomplete tensor decomposition. We also strengthen the results to global convergence guarantees under stricter rank condition k <β d (for arbitrary constant β > 1) through a simple initialization procedure where the algorithm is initialized by top singular vectors of random tensor slices. Furthermore, the approximate local convergence guarantees for p-th order tensors are also provided under rank condition k=o ( d^p/2). The guarantees also include tight perturbation analysis given noisy tensor.

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