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Graph Neural Networks with Trainable Adjacency Matrices for Fault Diagnosis on Multivariate Sensor Data

by   Alexander Kovalenko, et al.

Timely detected anomalies in the chemical technological processes, as well as the earliest detection of the cause of the fault, significantly reduce the production cost in the industrial factories. Data on the state of the technological process and the operation of production equipment are received by a large number of different sensors. To better predict the behavior of the process and equipment, it is necessary not only to consider the behavior of the signals in each sensor separately, but also to take into account their correlation and hidden relationships with each other. Graph-based data representation helps with this. The graph nodes can be represented as data from the different sensors, and the edges can display the influence of these data on each other. In this work, the possibility of applying graph neural networks to the problem of fault diagnosis in a chemical process is studied. It was proposed to construct a graph during the training of graph neural network. This allows to train models on data where the dependencies between the sensors are not known in advance. In this work, several methods for obtaining adjacency matrices were considered, as well as their quality was studied. It has also been proposed to use multiple adjacency matrices in one model. We showed state-of-the-art performance on the fault diagnosis task with the Tennessee Eastman Process dataset. The proposed graph neural networks outperformed the results of recurrent neural networks.


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