Graph embeddings via matrix factorization for link prediction: smoothing or truncating negatives?

11/16/2020 ∙ by Asan Agibetov, et al. ∙ 0

Link prediction – the process of uncovering missing links in a complex network – is an important problem in information sciences, with applications ranging from social sciences to molecular biology. Recent advances in neural graph embeddings have proposed an end-to-end way of learning latent vector representations of nodes, with successful application in link prediction tasks. Yet, our understanding of the internal mechanisms of such approaches has been rather limited, and only very recently we have witnessed the development of a very compelling connection to the mature matrix factorization theory. In this work, we make an important contribution to our understanding of the interplay between the skip-gram powered neural graph embedding algorithms and the matrix factorization via SVD. In particular, we show that the link prediction accuracy of graph embeddings strongly depends on the transformations of the original graph co-occurrence matrix that they decompose, sometimes resulting in staggering boosts of accuracy performance on link prediction tasks. Our improved approach to learning low-rank factorization embeddings that incorporate information from unlikely pairs of nodes yields results on par with the state-of-the-art link prediction performance achieved by a complex neural graph embedding model

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